Some CCC practices, such as installing riprap along rivers
(as in this photo from New Hampshire) and building roads into mountain wildnerness areas
(this shot is from Vermont), drew the ire of early conservation groups.
C OUR TES Y
The CCC had a profound effect not only in
Vermont, but throughout the Northeast. Visit a
state park or forest in any of the northeastern
states and chances are you’ll come across the
work of this legion of young men from long ago.
In Connecticut, the CCC built ski trails at Mohawk
Mountain in Cornwall and the entrance to popular Hammonasset Beach in Madison. It fought
Dutch elm disease and grew and planted five
million tree seedlings to reforest idle farmland.
In Massachusetts, one lasting benefit was the
acquisition of 50,000 acres of state land from
1933 to 1939 to keep the CCC employed. On
Mount Greylock, the state’s highest mountain, the
corps constructed rustic Bascom Lodge of native
stone and timber, and built roads, trails, and a
campground. Ski trails, foot trails, parking, and
an observation platform were created on New
Hampshire’s Cannon Mountain, along with campgrounds at Franconia Notch and Pinkham Notch
in the White Mountains. Although it hosted only
four CCC camps, Rhode Island also purchased
more public forestland as a result. The Corps’
work included bathhouses at Beach Pond and
picnic and camping facilities at Watchaug Pond.
The tremendous amount of work performed by
the CCC in New York included the development
of a fish hatchery, building Marcy Dam in the
Adirondacks, and pulling currant and gooseberry bushes to control white pine blister rust.
Maine’s participation in the CCC was different
in that much of the work was done on private
forestland. It included insect and disease control,
flood control, responding to damage from the
1938 hurricane, search and rescue for missing
persons, and fighting forest fires. The CCC also
worked on Maine’s section of the Appalachian
Trail. — Susan Shea
CCC training in the White Mountains.